First introduced into Canada in 1882, this widely planted cultivar has berries with a light green colour and flesh. They produce a floral, strongly flavoured juice with low acidity and high yield potential. Bunch size is medium to large and is compact and cylindrical in shape. Niagara grapes ripen in mid September and are used for juice and fresh consumption. This vine has large leaves with pubescent lower leaf surfaces and is reasonably cold hardy for Ontario.
The Concord grape originated in 1854 and was discovered by E.W. Bull. The berries have a heavy wax bloom with blue skin and pale green flesh. Berry and bunch size is medium with a somewhat compact conical cluster shape. The Concord’s skin is reasonably durable and separates easily from its pulpy flesh. This cultivar is vigourous in growth and the fruit ripens from late September to early October. Its primary use is for juice and jam/jelly preserves, and for fresh market consumption. Many years ago, the Concord was used in port wines but that is no longer acceptable for premium wine production in Ontario. This grape contains the material “methyl antranilate” which is better known as the classic “labrusca flavour.” It is highly aromatic, very cold hardy and widely adapted to many soil types with the proper training system.